Cinchona officinalis (Quinine)

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Cinchona (Peruvian Bark)The bark is obtained from the Cinchona Calisaya, Cinchona Condaminea, Cinchona Succirubra, and Cinchona Lancifolia.  These trees are all evergreen trees or shrubs.  Their generic character is to have opposite entire leaves; flowers white, or usually roseate or purplish, and very fragrant; calyx a turbinated tube; corolla salver-shaped; stamens, five; anthers, linear; style, simple; stigma, bifid.  The fruit a capsule, ovate or oblong, filled with numerous winged seeds.  About thirteen varieties of cinchona are known to commerce, but the above are the most important.  Of these species the former three yield respectively the pale, yellow, and red cinchona barks, and the fourth is one of the sources of quinine.

  • English
  • quinine
    Brown Peru bark
    China loxa
    Crown bark
    Jesuits
    bark
    Ledger bark
    Lojabark
    Loxa bark
    Quinine Bark tree
    Yellow bark
    Yellow cinchona

  • Arabic
  • كِينَا (Sindhi)
    لحاء شجر الكينا (Arabic)
    الكينا المخزنية (Arabic)

  • Bengali
  • কুইনিনবাকল (Ku’inina bākala)
    সিনকোনা অফিসিনালিস (Sinakōnā aphisinālisa)

  • Chinese
  • 棕金鸡纳树
    正鸡纳树
    褐皮金鸡纳 (Chinese)
    正鸡纳树 (Zhèng jī nà shù)

  • Czech
  • Chinovník lékařský

  • Dutch
  • Quininebast

  • Finnsh
  • Kiinankuori

  • French
  • Arbre à quinine
    Ecorce brune du Pérou
    Quinquina gris
    Quinquina officinal

  • German
  • Chinarinde

  • Greek
  • Kινήνη (Kiní̱ni̱)

  • Hindi
  • कुनीन (Kunīna)
    कुनीन वृक्ष की छाल (Kunīna vr̥kṣa kī chāla)
    सिनकोना आफिसिनैलिस (Sinakōnā āphisinailisa)
    सिनकोना बार्क (Sinakōnā bārka)

  • Italian
  • Chinino

  • Japanese
  • キナ皮 (Kinahi)

  • Kannda
  • Barkina

  • Latin
  • Cortex Chinae regiae

  • Malayalam
  • Koyina
    Sinkona

  • Polish
  • Chinowiec lekarski

  • Portuguese
  • Quinquina

  • Quechua
  • Kinakina

  • Russlan
  • Цинхона лекарственная
    lekarstvennaya (Tsinkhona)
    Хинное дерево (Khinnoye derevo)

  • Sanskrit
  • Sinkona,
    Kunayanah
    Kunayaka

  • Spanish
  • calisaya
    Cinchona ledgeriana
    Kina-kina (Peru)
    Qinchona
    Uritusinga (Ecuador)
    árbol de quina

  • Swedish
  • Kinaträd
    Kinin

  • Tamil
  • சிங்கோனா Ciṅkōṉā,
    ஒருவித மருந்துச்செடி (Oruvita maruntucceṭi)
    கொயினா (Koyiṉā)
    கொயினாமரப்பட்டை (Koyiṉāmarappaṭṭai
    bark)
    கொயினாச்செடி (Koyiṉācceṭi)

  • Telugu
  • Jvarapatta

  • Turkish
  • Kınakına ağacı

  • Ukrainian
  • Хінне дерево (Khinne derevo)

  • Urdu
  • Kanakana

  • Vietnamese
  • Canhkina xám
    Vỏ canh ki na (bark)
    Vỏ cây Peru (bark)

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